Three police vehicles were hit with shots from a Kalashnikov assault rifle on the Crumlin Road on December 5.
The three men are aged 46, 47 and 52.
The men aged 46 and 47 are charged with aiding and abetting the attempted murder of police.
All three are charged with conspiracy to murder.
They face further charges of conspiracy to possess explosives with intent to endanger life, possession of firearms with intent to endanger life and membership of a proscribed organisation.
The men were arrested in Belfast and Lurgan on Sunday.
Two of the police vehicles were towing digital warning signs behind them when the convoy came under fire from the Herbert Street area.
Two of the vehicles and one of the signs was hit by the gunfire.
It is understood those behind the attack built a platform on Herbert Street, from where the shots were fired.